Photography, Authority and Race

Photography, Authority and Race

I am troubled by what I have seen.

In recent weeks, we have witnessed terrible, on-going episodes within our borders through photos and video that speak volumes about the tragedy of race. Racism is as old as human history, and there is a long, rich history of capturing race conflicts in the US by photographers like Charles Moore, Bruce Davidson, Gordon Parks and others. But in this post 9/11 world, the balance of power has shifted towards authority – militarized officers outfitted with high-powered machine guns and body armor straight out of central casting for a Michael Bay film who seemingly police differently depending on the color of your skin.

This image by Charles Moore published in LIFE magazine changed history. Kennedy adviser Arthur Schlesinger commented that the image “transformed the national mood and made legislation not just necessary, but possible.”

Photo by Charles Moore

Photo by Charles Moore

In her seminal essay On Photography, Susan Sontag writes “Photographs alter and enlarge our notions of what is worth looking at and what we have a right to observe. They are a grammar and, even more importantly, an ethics of seeing.” Photos and video are crucial to a functioning democracy, but if we’re too immune by the barrage of our digital world, what hopes do we have for society?

In Russia, the car dash cam is ubiquitous because of the level of lawlessness and corruption. Witnesses are shills, cops are corrupt, and dash cam footage provides the only factual account of crashes, bumps and dents. In other words, photography/videography is the only means to fight corruption. In the US, we continue to find inequality in the treatment and incarceration of blacks. Will photography help us to uncover this disparity and turn disbelievers into advocates? Can photos spur not only regional outrage, but national outrage and create a transformative dialog?

How will these three photographed events shape our world?

1. NJ Cop: Constitutional Right to Take Pictures in Public Null Because “Obama Has Decimated the Friggin’ Constitution”

Video Still by Steve Ronko

Video Still by Steve Ronko

Irrespective of which side of the aisle you sit, you have a constitutional right to take photos in public places including places of government. When NJ resident Steve Ronko tried to file a Open Public Records Act request with camera in hand to get information about an animal shelter, Officer Richard Recine challenged his constitutional right. Recine is caught on video saying, “Obama has decimated the friggin’ Constitution, so I don’t give a damn. If he doesn’t follow the Constitution, we don’t have to.” Police officers swear to uphold the constitution with an Oath/Affirmation, and the Constitution is an imperative vehicle for upholding our rights as citizens. The police cannot selectively choose to defend the Constitution based on mood. Although we’ve seen story after story about this, the NYPD apparently felt that its officers needed a reminder.

2. Eric Garner dies after alleged choke hold by NYPD

Were it not for the citizen journalism, the police report would have merely indicated an individual resisted arrest and then died upon being transported to the hospital. Instead, not only do we see an unarmed man with a history of arrest for selling loose cigarettes being forced to the ground and complaining of not being able to breath, we also see EMTs not even attempting to revive an unconscious victim.

Photo by The Daily News

Photo by The Daily News

Although the case is pending, we have at least seen some lip service given to the issue. Mayor Bill de Blasio declared that is “looks like a chokehold to me,” and Police Commissioner Bill Bratton ordered an extensive training review. But Staten Island where Garner was killed has the highest number of most-sued cops despite having the smallest population. So barring a more aggressive effort on the part of Internal Affairs or the FBI, citizens will have to continue to be vigilant to ensure that police are evenly protecting the community rather than assaulting it.

3. The Death of Michael Brown in Ferguson

There are no photos or video of the incident itself. There is a dispute as to what happened. But what isn’t in dispute is that an unarmed teenager was shot dead by a policeman in St. Louis, a city with a rich history of racism and segregation. What we do have photos of is the police reaction to an upset community like Scott Olson’s photo of a man with his hands raised approaching what looks like a SWAT team, but is just the every day Ferguson police force.

Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images

Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images

Ferguson isn’t a war zone. This is not Gaza, Donetsk, or Damascus. This is St. Louis. The response is disproportional to the threat. Protesters are being tear gassed on their private property as captured by Rich West.

Journalist Ryan J. Reilly was arrested in a Ferguson McDonald’s after taking a photo of a cop.

 

The Huffington Post reported:

“They essentially acted as a military force. It was incredible,” Reilly said. “The worst part was he slammed my head against the glass purposefully on the way out of McDonald’s and then sarcastically apologized for it.”

What exactly was the threat in the McDonald’s again? Since when did obesity and high cholesterol require a police force?

17-year old Tyler Atkins challenged the media’s portrayal of the black victim with a tweet and the hashtag #If TheyGunnedMeDown. His diptych shows photos of himself with his saxophone and another as a rapper that he made for a school science project.

Photos by Tyler Atkins

Photos by Tyler Atkins

The tweet was in response to the widely circulated photo of Brown flashing the peace sign, but who some in the media portrayed as a gang symbol.

Photo by Michael Brown via Facebook

Photo by Michael Brown via Facebook

That a teen wanted to appear cool shouldn’t be an indictment of his character. If a Japanese girl made the same gesture, how would she be portrayed by the media? Can a black teen be treated like a white teen? Can we eliminate the highly polarizing and race-loaded words of “thug” and “gangster” for blacks and “bro” for whites? Are we visually literate enough to be skeptical of images we come across in the mass media and social media because we know we’re being link baited for clicks?

The newspaper front page has been supplanted by YouTube and Buzzfeed. But the barrage of images shouldn’t numb us to this problem of race, it should inculcate us to the disparity in how different people of different races are treated in this country.

Let yourself be outraged by these images. Write letters to your representatives. Talk to a cop. Exercise your constitutional right to photograph that which ails your community. The community your deserve is the community you help build.

Still not outraged? The camera doesn’t lie.

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There are 8 comments for this article
  1. Pingback: Photography, Authority and RacePhotoShelter Blog – The Click
  2. Pingback: Photography, Authority and Race
  3. Barbara Norris at 11:52 am

    Thank you, Allen. We need to be reminded that we can’t close our eyes to ongoing racism in this country. I have spent the summer like an ostrich, not paying any attention to the national news. I didn’t even know about Ferguson. And that’s just wrong. Your blog post woke me up, and the video knocked me out. Unbelievable. Forget about selfies. Turn that camera phone on the world around you.

  4. Michael Whitaker at 7:07 pm

    A native of Memphis, TN, USA, I was a college student when I marched down Main Street in Memphis on 04 April 1968 and personally witnessed Ernest Withers photographing related events. Years later I had the distinct privilege of participating in an intimate group discussion with Mr. Withers concerning the photos he courageously captured of the Memphis sanitation workers’ strike. Thus, I clearly understand and fully appreciate the power of photography in context of advocating for and effecting social change and justice.

    However, I believe there is need for caution in responding to Allen Murabayashi’s charge to “Exercise your constitutional right to photograph that which ails your community.” In fact, I believe caution particularly is relevant when dealing with issues related to racism.

    From the experiences of my 25-year career in social psychology, I believe there are two parallel continuums or spectrums of racism. The first, which perhaps is the most obvious, concerns racism on a cultural, societal or institutional level. Discussions of issues along this continuum can be and often are very philosophical and/or cryptic, sometimes ending with opposing parties capable of engaging in harmonious discourses regarding interpersonal issues.

    However, from my first-career specialization in violent behavior, I also believe there is a racism spectrum concerning intra-personal (within the individual) issues of racism. Simply stated, responses to racism from this continuum are significantly more volatile, primarily because such are related to matters associated with self worth, one’s sense of the degree to which one is in control of one’s own life and one’s personal sense of empowerment.

    Ultimately, regardless of whether the potential subject of a photograph appears to be an “ordinary” civilian or a “respectable” person of authority in uniform, it is possible the issue of racism is so emotionally charged for an individual of focus that aggressive and violent responses are possible. Such was recognized by the person videoing the toxic, angry female in front of the Cheektowaga, NY, Dollar Store in the video posted in this blog because he rolled up his window when she threatened to destroy his camera.

    Therefore, please do accept Mr. Murabayashi’s challenge to use your camera to document and focus attention upon injustices of all natures. There never will be too many Ernest Withers in this world.

    However, please temper your courage with caution because cameras work best when fully functional and/or not shoved into orifices into which very little light shines. Stated otherwise, if you have the wisdom and skills to document injustices, please take care to ensure you will be around for a long time to capture and disseminate powerfully relevant images that will encourage, influence and facilitate change.

  5. Pingback: Interview with St. Louis Photog David Carson – #ILovePhoto Chat: Aug. 15, 2014 | PhotoShelter Blog

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