Is Black and White Photography a Gimmick?

Is Black and White Photography a Gimmick?

In an age where digital photography is ubiquitous, and post processing allows everyman to bump saturation levels and create hyper-real images, black and white photography seems like a curious anachronism. Color film went mainstream in the 1930s with the introduction of Kodachrome, but black and white has stubbornly persisted not only in newspapers, but also as an expressive outlet for many photographers who choose to shoot photojournalism, weddings, portraits and more by converting color digital files to black and white. Even Leica jumped on the (retro) black and white train by releasing the Leica M Monochrom in 2013 to a collective shrug of the Internet.

Recently, the “black and white challenge” has emerged on Facebook. Photographers call each other out to shoot and publish a black and white image for 30 days. For some, it’s a constraint meant to creatively inspire. To others, it’s a way to flex their past of shooting in black and white. Tintype studios and DIY kits are abound – a segment of consumers seems to believe in a certain authenticity that older methods and processes confer.

But is black and white a gimmick? Given that humans see in color, is converting a photo to black and white, an act of self-importance? A way to make an image appear to be more significant than it otherwise might be in color?

cover_fo_salgado_genesis_trade_gb_1307081418_id_618549

THE LIES OF COLOR

Renown photographer Sebastian Salgado only photographs in black and white nowadays. In an interview with Bryan Appleyard from the Sunday Times, Salgado exclaims that he never trusted the color in color film.

“I never see this red in my life.” Colour itself was a kind of lie. “It was a huge exaggeration — when I saw my colour picture, I was much more interested in the colour than in the personality or dignity of the person. How can I go to a person and make them my story, and I don’t feel the story in my photographs? Of course, black and white is an abstraction, but from the brightest white to the darkest black what you have is greys, and these greys are what I had in my mind when I took the pictures.”

THE ELEMENTAL NATURE OF BLACK AND WHITE

Florida-based Chip Litherland suggests that there is a nostalgia around black and white. “I think there is a certain nostalgia to it that people long for as we’re bombarded with color and chaos every day in our lives.  Something about it just mellows me out and gives me a different experience when reading a photo.  Anything that gives the viewer a that experience will always be popular.”

San Francisco Chronicle photographer Scott Strazzante suggests that the eye-catching nature of black and white must still contain a good photograph, or it is just a gimmick. “the use of black and white by professionals and serious amateurs is a way to cause viewers to pause momentarily while they are exposed to an endless stream of images on a daily basis….Once a photographer has caught the attention of a viewer, their monochromatic image must be content rich to keep their eye. The photographer can’t incorporate a red shirt or a yellow car to make up for a lack of interesting elements, so, the moment is that much more important.”

Pulitzer Prize Winner Deanne Fitzmaurice suggests a certain rawness about black and white. “We have all fallen in love with the beauty and power of black and white photography where everything is stripped down to the core;  light, textures, contrast, tonality, mood and raw emotion.” And the legendary David Burnett agrees, “There is definitely something elemental in [black and white] which eliminates so many of the potential distractions (and wonders, alike) that color is all about. [Black and white] can reduce a scene to something more easily and quickly absorbed. It retains a kind of purity which we respond to without so much study. It will be interesting to see in 30 years if the people growing up with the ubiquitous color everywhere have the same feelings.”

20140215_Luke_Bryan_0073

Photo by Drew Gurian

Portrait photographer Drew Gurian also thinks color can divert attention from what’s truly important in a photo. “Color can be a distraction, and take away from the root of the story the photographer is trying to tell.  Black and white photography draws the viewer in more quickly, and can tell a more compelling story because of this.”

Salt Lake Tribune photographer Chris Detrick also points to convenience factor that helps make black and white stubbornly resilient, “With the numerous mobile photography apps such as Instagram, Hipstamatic, Camera+, etc…it is easier than ever to quickly convert your photos to black and white.”

A CULTURAL RESPONSE?

For the generations alive before the digital revolution, black and white photography has an interesting place in our collective consciousness. So many of the most widely circulated historical images taken by titans of photography have been shot in black and white. Think Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, Joe Rosenthal, Eddie Adams, John Filo – even recent Pulizer Prize winners like Barbara Davidson, Deanne Fitzmaurice, and Renée C. Byer have relied on black and white photography as the palette of choice.

An image from Deanne Fitzmaurice's Pulitzer Prize winning essay for the San Francisco Chronicle

An image from Deanne Fitzmaurice’s Pulitzer Prize winning essay for the San Francisco Chronicle

Fitzmaurice notes, “There is a credibility and authenticity in the classic documentary black and white photography we all know from the FSA and Life Magazine photographers. I think it is ingrained in our psyche to trust and believe in these photographs.”

Burnett agrees, stating, “I think there is probably a sense of ‘import’ or ‘weight’ which [black and white] gets, sometimes intended, sometimes unintended. But much of that is cultural. We ‘expect’ it to be important because so many of the important images of our time have been only in [black and white].”

This ingrained response is what led Strazzante to stop converting his work in post a few years ago. “Some photo judges can be manipulated by a portfolio, story or single image converted to black and white. Black and white photos look more important. They feed on the collective memory of people who remember fantastic images from the past and, definitely, play on that nostalgia. If top notch professionals can be swayed by an image converted to black and white, just imagine the effect on the less savvy.”

IS IT A GIMMICK?

Strazzante’s Instagram feed is filled with black and white street photography, and he suggests, “photographing in black and white, like shooting with a tilt shift lens or with a camera phone, can be just another gimmick in a photographer’s bag of tricks.”

This is every photo I made in the 1980s combined into one. #sanfrancisco

A photo posted by Scott Strazzante (@scottstrazzante) on

But black and white has a practical function of creating visual cohesion for a set of images – particularly when a set of images is taken in vastly different lighting conditions and white balance temperatures. Strazzante points out that, “Most times, color is a distraction and keeps the viewer from examining other elements of a frame.”

For the documentary photographer, communication of the story is the key success criteria. The selection of black and white vs color is a tool that either advances or detracts from this success. Fitzmaurice says, “If I feel that the color is distracting or interfering with what I am trying to communicate, I may make the decision to go black and white. I try to choose the right tool to tell each story as effectively as possible.”

In the strictest definition (“a trick or device to attract attention”), black and white is a gimmick for many photographers. But unlike a tilt shift effect that might as well be a grease pencil circling a subject, the best photographers use black and white so that color doesn’t unnecessarily detract.

And even if we are aware of the nostalgia surrounding black and white, there is still something aethestically pleasing in a well-composed, properly exposed black and white image. Litherland sums it up, “For as much as I love color, there’s just something about looking at a black-and-white fiber print hanging in a gallery somewhere and taking in all the details of a photo grain-by-grain (or pixel-by-pixel) that make my soul happy and my eyes seeing differently.”

Next Post:
Previous Post:
This article was written by

Allen Murabayashi is the Chairman and co-founder of PhotoShelter. He co-hosts the "I Love Photography" podcast on iTunes.

There are 14 comments for this article
  1. Pingback: Is Black and White Photography a Gimmick? | PhotoShelter Blog – The Click
  2. Pingback: Is Black and White Photography a Gimmick?
  3. Ralph Hightower at 8:22 pm

    I bought a 3-pack of B&W film for the final Space Shuttle landing in July 2011. Since Atlantis was scheduled to land in the pre-dawn hours, color would be wasted. In finishing the other rolls of Kodak BW400CN, I rediscovered the classic look of B&W film. I made a resolution to shoot the year 2012 exclusively using B&W film. 2012 was a year of experimentation for me to use different B&W contrast filters: yellow, orange, red, and green. It took about three months for me to visualize a scene in B&W. I’ve seen numerous blog posts and comments where converting a lousy color photo to B&W is a rescue.

  4. Brad Matthews at 10:41 pm

    In no way is B&W a gimmick. In today’s digital color age we see in color, we live in color, we think in color but we also do not see because we live in color most of our waking lives, but the color of our lives is some what predicable and can be discounted as much as it is recognized. As for thinking in color we rely on our color memories to keep balance to our lives.
    When we or presented with b&w image it strips us of our pre-disposition to identify familiarity. We see the image for what it is. Its is the eye of the photographer showing us the detail we miss in a colored world, our brains have to work overtime to make since of the b&w world. When well executed we see just what the photographer wants us to see. I have been shooting for over 40 years and started with tri-x and plus x in the day I like what it produced and there was a reality and a timelessness that color could never record due to the nature of color film and or transparency stock. When I look back on the images I have shot and can almost identify each image to a time line that represents the year it was shot, however with b&w the image I shot 40 years ago can look like it was shot yesterday. The only thing that gives it away is the clothing they are wearing. Due to that I now shoot mostly color due to the requirements of my clients I often will take a color image and strip it of its color and at first it look plain, neural and boring (which in a color world we already discount 90%+ of what we see.), however if the contrast is changed and the detail is drawn forward it will be seen and noted in our memories. As a shooter you do have to see differently when shooting black & white vs color, But I have in many situations with flat light on the subject in color is not usable and the photographer shuts down when you switch to black & white the subject becomes stellar and has greater impact because we see what the photographer wants us to see not the noise in the background. In conclusion not a gimmick just another way to see.

    • Michael Uhila at 9:40 am

      If it is a gimmick. It’s working for a lot of photographers and it works for film makers.
      In my opinion. Black and white photography is like saying:
      “Let me get down to the basics so you can look at this”

  5. Pingback: Is Black and White Photography a Gimmick? | Chris Roubis Photography Australia
  6. William Ash at 9:59 am

    Black and White is just another way to portrait the world. It is not better nor worse than color. It is not deeper nor more superficial than color. It has nothing to do with detail nor abstraction–both are equal in that. It is simply a choice. Some people feel strongly about it, others do not. Its effects are hard to quantify or qualify. There is a cultural component. There is a perceptual component. Quoting famous photographers is not evidence for or against, it is just bias.

    One thing this discussion points to is that some people don’t like others to have choice, some people use methods to feel special. I am rather ambiguous toward black and white–in and of itself, it is not interesting. The final image is important.

    Why can’t photographers get along? Why is there this need to divide our community? Can’t we celebrate its diversity?

  7. C Webster at 11:50 am

    “releasing the Leica M Monochrom in 2013 to a collective shrug of the Internet”
    are you serious? That machine is worshipped beyond belief, and in fact it’s the sharpest M there is.
    You are reading DPreview, or something?

    That said BW is overdone, but people love it. I prefer color, but it’s harder.

    I got an M9 nine months ago and love it to death.
    my flickr
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/55299472@N07/

  8. Pingback: Photo Tip: Before deleting that photo, convert to black and white - Geotraveler's Niche
  9. Jon at 12:46 pm

    Gimmick? Self importance? Only for the hopelessly narrow-minded, miserable and artistically challenged unfortunate souls. How sad.
    Forgive me, but… what? Foolish question and one more example of our society is in decline. You can thank social media for that. Grrr.

    • David Goorevitch at 7:56 am

      Agree. It’s an art form. It demands a transformation of reality into a completely controlled 2D space. In its nakedness, it has to be great, or it’s nothing. It’s the question that’s the gimmick – to get “clicks”.

  10. JR at 11:09 pm

    Black and white can be a gimmick. So can color, HDR and a hundred other techniques. But all of them can also be legitimate tools of expression.

    I thought I was a black and white photographer back in the film days. It turns out I was just a control freak. Once digital gave me the same control over color as in the black and white darkroom I switched almost totally to color. Except for portraits.

    I love doing portraits in black and white. Something about stripping away the color makes it feel like I’m getting a closer view of the person. I even like doing the conversions, with the subtle control of of tonal balance in the conversion tools.

    I have wondered if it might be a gimmick, or even just seen as a gimmick, but I try not to worry about that too much. It’s the way I enjoy doing things right now, and being retired I really don’t have to please anyone but myself and the people who sit for me. And they seem pretty happy – happy enough to some back for more and recommend me to their friends so i have a constant flow of subjects. That’s all I ask for.

  11. Pingback: Black and White – respected and trusted medium in documentary? | Phil's OCA Learning Log
  12. Pingback: Well, Is Black and White Photography Just A Gimmick? | The Photo Sofa

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *